The Faculty of Medicine was established in October 2001 with three departments; Anatomy, Medical Biochemistry and Physiology, two years after the University was given a certificate of registration as a private University in the Federal Republic of Nigeria. The Faculty was set up to train undergraduate medical students in pre-clinical, and prepare them for their future training in clinical medicine. The foundation Dean of the Faculty was late Doctor Mbanwusi M.C, a senior consultant of Surgery. The Faculty started with 17 medical students. In 2003 the Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences was created. The new Faculty took over the three Departments and the training of pre-clinical students. Also, in the same year the first Provost of the college of Medicine and Health Sciences was appointed in the person of Prof Ibeh C.I. After his tenure as the Dean of the Faculty of Medicine, the pioneer Dean was succeeded by Dr. P.J.C. Nwosu in 2005. Prof A.E. Anya took over as Dean in June 2009 before handing over to the current Dean Professor C.T. John in June 2014 at the end of his tenure.
The Faculty since its inception, has witnessed steady increase in staff, facilities, student’s enrolment and graduate output. The faculty graduated its first batch of graduates in 2009. Staff of the Faculty have been very regular and consistent in their participation at national and international conferences. Governance of our Faculty adopts an integrated approach in which each member of staff is assigned to a duty as a coordinator or officer. Main duties in the several Departments making up the Faculty are carried out by these coordinators/officers. These officers in turn report to the respective Head of Departments who supervises their duties. Head of Departments in turn then update the Dean. Regular Faculty board meetings are held during which issues affecting or likely to affect the wellbeing of staff and students as well as the teaching of the courses and discharge of duties are raised, deliberated, debated and finally resolved in a cordial way that enhances the sustainability of our role as staff and relationship with students and the University administration.
1.1 Philosophy, Objectives of the Programme
The education and training of MBBS candidates in the Faculty is attuned to the basic health needs of the society. This commitment is reflected in a competency-directed and community-oriented approach with emphasis on social responsiveness and relevance, and life-long learning.
Deriving from the broad philosophy of the Faculty, the following objectives are pursued:
a. To provide students with a broad and balanced foundation of sound scientific, professional platform for the production of medical doctors who would be capable of working anywhere in Nigeria and be acceptable by the international community;
b. to provide such training as would equip these future health personnel to render care at Primary Health Care (PHC) level;
c. to develop in students the ability to apply knowledge and skills to solving theoretical and practical issues and satisfy internationally recognized standards, and undertake postgraduate training towards specialization within and outside the country; and
d. to train medical doctors with sufficient management ability to play a leadership role in health care delivery and develop a range of transferable skills that are of value in Medical practice.
1.2 Faculty of Medicine Curriculum
The curriculum of the Faculty of Medicine aims at educating and training of competent medical doctors and other health personnel for the promotion of good health and eradication of diseases. It is also designed to promote integration of modern scientific ideas in medicine and to develop research capability. In addition, the programme emphasizes the inter-relationships of various clinical disciplines and their synthesis into a unified code for the solution of problems.
1.3. Programme Leading to MBBS
The Faculty of Medicine offers courses leading to the degree of Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS). The curriculum normally spans six academic years and is divided into three stages. They are
(i) The pre-medical stage which is essentially natural and pure science based
(ii) The pre-clinical stage in which the basic medical science courses are taught
(iii) The clinical stage in which the courses focus on the nature of diseases with the systematic instructions in medicine
Pre-medical Course: This consists of natural science subjects of Botany, Zoology, Chemistry, Physics, Mathematics and Computer Sciences. General Studies courses, morals and philosophy are also taught.
Second and Third Year
Pre-clinical courses: These comprise basic medical sciences of Anatomy, Medical Biochemistry, Community Health and Medical Physiology. The course contents of these subjects include practical works and lectures. The student consequently acquires sufficient skill and capability to perform tests and analysis on tissues and fluids. The student must take all the courses and pass them to proceed to the next stage of clinical medicine.
Clinical Courses: The courses span the fourth, fifth and sixth years of the medical programme during which instructions are given in Medicine, Surgery, Pathology, Medical Microbiology, Haematology and Immunology, Pharmacology, Community Health, Anaesthesia, Radiology, Epidemiology, Paediatrics, Obstetrics & Gynaecology.
The training involves health care and full time clinical attachment in the wards and includes didactic lectures, and seminars. At the end of each posting there is always continuous assessment which forms 30% of the entire mark of each final examination.
1.4 Admission Requirements
(i) UME Entry Requirements: Students applying to be admitted into the six years programme for the award of Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) in Madonna University Nigeria, must satisfy the minimum University Matriculation Requirements. Such students must have at least five credit (5) passes in biology, chemistry, mathematics, physics, and English language in the West African School Certificate or its equivalent (GCE, SSCE, NECO), in not more than two sittings. However, the University reserves the right to further screen the students for admission by oral interview or aptitude test.
(ii) Direct Entry Requirements: In addition to requirements in the above, candidates who possess any of the following qualifications can be considered for admission.
a. At least three advanced Level passes in the General Certificate of Education (GCE) The subjects should include Physics, Chemistry and Biology/Zoology.
b. Candidates who possess the basic admission requirements as stated above in 1.4.(i) and possess a first degree of at least a second class lower division from recognized Institutions in the medical, para-medical, biological sciences.
1.5 Minimum Duration
The programme shall have duration of six (6) years of which the first three (3) sessions shall be spent in for the mandatory acquisition and passing of the Basic Medical Sciences courses.
1.6 Graduation Requirements
To graduate from the MBBS degree programme, a student must pass all prescribed examination.
1.7 Job Opportunity
Successful graduates of MBBS degree programme are well equipped (after houseman- ship) for careers in hospitals, private practice, teaching, research activities in Universities or research institutions and even in administrations, Graduates of the MBBS degree programme are also equipped for post graduate training anywhere in the world.
1. 8 Departments Involves in the Training of MBBS Candidates
Fifteen (15) Departments are involved in the training of MBBS candidates:
a) Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences of the College of Medicine.
1. Department of Anatomy
2. Department of Physiology
3. Department of Medical Biochemistry
b) Faculty of Medicine
4. Department of Anatomical Pathology
5. Department of Chemical Pathology
6. Department of Haematology/Immunology
7. Department of Medical Microbiology
8. Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
9. Department of Paediatrics
10. Department of Pharmacology & Therapeutics
11. Department of Community Medicine & Primary Health Care
12. Department of Internal Medicine
13. Department of Psychiatry
14. Department of Surgery
15. Department of Radiography
1.9 Personnel Administration
Personnel administration is headed by the Dean of the Faculty. Decisions are made at the Faculty Board in collegiate manner. Administrative activities are run by Faculty Officer who functions under the direction of Dean. Major policy decisions are taken by the Faculty Board comprising the Dean, the Provost and all academic staff.
1.10 Definition of Terms
General Study Courses: A course which every student in the University must compulsorily take and pass at foundation level. They are not directly related to any programme, but are necessary in the holistic formation of students before graduation.
Core/Compulsory Course: A course which must be registered for and passed by a student to obtain the degree in Biochemistry.
Required ancillary Course: A course that a student takes at a level of study and must be passed before graduation.
Elective Course: A course that students take within or outside the faculty. Students shall choose an elective course from among three others in order to make up the required additional units for the award of the degree. Students may graduate without passing the course provided the minimum credit unit for the course had been attained.
Pre-requisite Course: A course which student must take before the course for which it is a prerequisite can be taken. Courses can only be designated prerequisite to other courses at a higher level. A prerequisite may be waived for a suitably qualified candidate by the Department.
Credit Load per Semester: The Minimum credit load per semester is 15 units while the maximum is 24 units.
Course Unit: A series of approximately 15 one-hour lectures, or tutorials or 15 x 3-hour laboratory or field practical classes, or an equivalent amount of assigned study, or any combination of the above.
Course Credit Unit System: This should be understood to mean a ‘quantitative system of organization of the curriculum in which subject areas are broken down into unit courses which are examinable and for which students earn credit(s) if passed’. The courses are arranged in progressive order of difficulty or in levels of academic progress, e.g. Level or year 1 courses are 111, 112 etc. and Level II or Year II courses are 211, 212 etc. The second aspect of the system is that courses are assigned weights allied Credit Units.
Grade Point Average (GPA): Performance in any semester is reported in Grade Point Average. This is the average of weighted grade points earned in the courses taken during the semester. The Grade Point Average is obtained by multiplying the Grade Point average in each course by the number of Credit Units assigned to that course, and then summing these up and dividing by the total number of Credit Units taken for the semester
Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA): This is the up-to-date mean of the Grade Points earned by the student in a programme of study. It is an indication of the student’s overall performance at any point in the training programme. To compute the Cumulative Grade Point Average, the total of Grade Points multiplied by the respective Credit Units for all the semesters are added and then divided by the total number of Credit Units for all courses registered by the student
1.11 General Studies (GST)
The goal of GST courses is to produce a well-rounded, morally and intellectually capable graduate with vision and entrepreneurial skills in an environment of peace and social cohesiveness.
Objectives: The objectives of the General Studies programme consist of the following:
(a) Acquisition, development and inculcation of the proper value-orientation for the survival of the individual and society.
(b) The development of intellectual capacities of individuals to understand, appreciate and promote peaceful co-existence.
(c) Production of graduates with broad knowledge of individual of Nigerian Nationals and people with a view to inculcating in them mutual understanding and patriotism.
(d) Exposing graduates of Nigerian Universities to the rudiments of ICT for computer literacy and ability to live usefully in this ICT age.
(e) Preparing students for a post university life with opportunities for job creation and entrepreneurial skills.
(f) Production of graduate capable of communicating effectively (both oral and written).
1.12 Course Coding
A course is coded by a combination of three letters and three digits. The three letters code stands for the Department offering the course. Biochemistry courses are coded as BCH for example. For the three digits numbers, the first digits indicates the year of study, the second indicates the subject stress area while the third digit shows the semester. First semester are represented with odd numbers while second semesters are represented with even numbers.
General Studies Courses (GST)
Computer Science (CSC)
Community Medicine (COM)
Obstetrics and Gynaecology (OBG)
Pathological Sciences (PAT)
Pharmacology /therapeutic (PHA)
Chemical Pathology (CPY)
1.13 Admission and Withdrawal from Courses
(a) Admission into courses closes at the end of the third full week of each semester. Students who fail to register as stated shall be considered for late registration. Any student who fails to register within the first two weeks after late registration has commenced shall be advised to defer the semester. Only in special circumstances and through the approval of the Vice Chancellor on behalf of the Senate, may a student be allowed to register thereafter. An application for late registration shall normally attract a prescribed fee.
(b) A student can withdraw from a course without penalty any time up to and including the seventh week of the semester. Any student who withdraws after the seventh week will be deemed to have failed except in special cases approved by Senate.
(c) The minimum load permissible per semester is 15 units while the maximum load is 24 units. However, a final year student who requires less than 15 units of courses in either semester to complete graduation requirements will be allowed to register for the outstanding courses only. Students who wish to register above 24 units must seek the approval of the University Senate through the Vice Chancellor and through the Dean of the Faculty
2. COURSE EVALUATION
2.1 Continuous Assessment
The progress of the students enrolled in each course is continuously assessed by means of tests; written assignments, reports and/or such other means as may be consistent with the objectives and conduct of the course as determined by the Department.
Departments in the Faculty conduct the examinations of the 2nd MBBS to 5th MBBS. To qualify to sit for the examination, students must have completed their lectures, practicals and clinicals with a minimum of 75% mandatory attendances. The continuous assessments constitute 30% of the final score in the professional degree examination. Students do end of posting test after each of the clinical postings. The end of clinical posting tests is compiled together to form the continuous assessment.
Each professional examination has a written paper I (Essay), paper II (MCQ) and an oral part. In addition, the 4th and 5th MBBS professional examinations have clinical parts. The Head of the department is the Chief Examiner. He is in-charge of selecting the examination questions from the submissions made by the lecturers in the department. Provisional examination results are released within 48 hours of completing the examination.
Notices for tests and professional Examinations shall be duly put up at least two weeks to the date fixed for such test/exam. All students who therefore absent themselves from any of such tests/exams will not have another opportunity to re-take. Those with medical reports duly certified by MAUTH could however have their cases reviewed by the Department or Faculty and each case shall be treated according to its own peculiarity and merit for a reprieve which will not include a re-take option. In summary, make-up (re-take) tests/exams are not possible in the Faculty for ALL categories of students. Cases of absenteeism from comprehensive examination or Part I MBBS examination are the concern of the Faculty or College.
2.4 Grading of Student Scripts
Results of all examinations, or tests taken shall be released with the total obtainable marks specified to enable students know their relative standing per time. In most cases, marks allotted each question shall be indicated against each question on the question paper to enable the candidate select (or plan for) which approach or combination will be more rewarding. Most multiple-choice questions (MCQs) are graded with a penalty factor of "one-half" which means that half of the total number of failed answers will be deducted from the total number of correct answers. This is adopted to discourage guessing and encourage honesty and precision whereby students answer only those MCQs which they are sure of their correctness.
Essay, Practical and Oral questions will however not be graded with any penalty. The total of all Continuous Assessment Test scores shall be compressed to make up 25% while attendance at lectures and practical classes shall carry a complementary mark of 5% to make up the 30% mark required for continuous assessment. The final examinations (Professional MBBS Exams) will be based on 70% as earlier indicated. A minimum pass mark of 50% in all professional examinations has been adopted. In addition to continuous assessment tests, examinations should be administered at the end of each course.
2.6 Final Marks
Each course shall be graded out of a maximum of 100 marks and the score for each course shall be assigned appropriate letter grades and grade points as follows:
Mark Letter Grade Grade Point
70 – 100 A 5.0
60 – 69 B 4.0
50 – 59 C 3.0
45 – 49 D 2.0
01 – 44 F 0.0
2.7 Probation: Probation is a status granted to a student whose academic performance falls below an acceptable standard. A student whose Cumulative Grade Point Average is below 1.50 at the end of a particular year of study, earns a period of probation for one academic session.
2.8 Withdrawals: A candidate whose performance in the Faculty is very poor at the end of a particular period of probation should be required to withdraw from the University. However, in order to minimize waste of human resources, consideration is given to withdrawal from programme of study and possible transfer to other programmes within the University.
2.9 Repeating Failed Course Unit(s) (Carry Over)
Subject to the conditions for withdrawal and probation, student may be allowed to repeat the failed course unit(s) at the next available opportunity, provided that the total number of credit units carried during that semester does not exceed 24, and the Grade Points earned at all attempts shall count towards the CGPA.
2.10 External Examiner System
Usually four External Examiners are invited to participate in the conduct of any professional degree examination. The External Examiners also evaluate the questions of the written part. Students’ scripts are usually marked by two (2) separate examiners and the results are collated. Each student passes through at least six (6) different examiners in the clinical part of the examination which has three (3) sections. External Examiners certify the overall performance of the candidates as well as the quality of available facilities and teaching.
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